Geunettuigi (Swing-riding) is a custom swinging back and forth on a board, hanging from a branch of a tree by two long ropes.Those swings were enjoyed by young women on Dano (festival of the 5th of the fifth lunar month) throughout Joseon. Also, the game was enjoyed on Sawolchopail (Buddha’s Birthday) and/or Chuseok (the harvest festival) by not only young women, but young men as well. Occasionally, Geunettuigi is enjoyed as a competition when played among a group. The foremost method of competition is to set a branch or flower at a reachable location as a target, and then try to kick or bite it. Another way is to measure the power of the swinging motion by kicking a bell or a pinecone hanging on top of a tree in front of the swing. The swinger that gets the highest by grabbing the ropes and kicking their legs wins. Another way of measuring height is by kicking a bell hanging on top of a long pole in front of a swing set. Swingers continue to pull the rope holding the bell to measure the highest position. Finally, there is a way of measuring the rise from the initial position using a long rope with gradations tied to the pedal of a swing, a more recent variation of competition. Overall, the forms of competition require the body’s flexibility, as well as arm and leg strength to earn points. In Korea, Geunettuigi had the strong characteristic of a game for commoners
Neolttwigi (See-saw riding) is a game taking turns jumping on two ends of a wooden board. It is one of the most common and active games for young females at the beginning of January. Two players stand on the end of a wooden board respectively, and once the board achieves balance, the players start to jump. Two players repetitively exchange these roles to maintain momentum. Once an opponent falls from the board, the person that remains is declared the winner. The winner then remains on the board, awaiting a new challenger. In other words, the one who is able to remain on the board until the end is the overall winner. This game can be an individual competition, as well as a match between two teams. Since this game is about jumping using one’s bodily force, players need to have strong legs to jump and to maintain balance, making it difficult for players to continue for a long period of time. As a result, players will switch frequently, amid the playful energetic atmosphere to see who can remain the last standing.
Yeonnalligi (Kite Flying) is a popular Korean folk game played in winter. The frame of the kite is made with thin bamboo pieces, and the kite is controlled by winding and unwinding its string around a reel. Historically, kites were flown for military purposes. The kite-flying season begins in the twelfth lunar month and reaches its peak toward Jeongwol Daeboreum (the Great Full Moon Festival). On New Year’s Day, people gather to fly kites in open areas outside villages or by the shore at low tide. They usually gather for kite-flying after having made New Year’s greetings to family members and relatives, and after conducting memorial services. Releasing a kite by cutting its string is believed to ward off misfortune that may lie ahead in the upcoming year. This custom was generally observed after welcoming the moon on the evening of Jeongwol Daeboreum. Kite fliers sometimes compete with each other by cutting their opponent’s line or flying their kite higher than the others.
Paengi chigi is a favorite winter pastime for children in traditional Korea. They usually spun tops on ice-covered surfaces. Paengi (top) is spelled pingi before, and the word pingi appears to be a derivative of pingping, describing spinning movements. Although there are several ways of playing this game, the top is usually spun around its central axis. The game can be played by single or multiple players. If it is played competitively, the object is to keep the top spinning as long as possible. The venue for the game is most often an ice-covered stretch of a house yard or a neighborhood alley. It can also be played on the frozen surface of a river, pond, or a rice paddy.
Source : Encyclopedia of Korean Folk Culture