About the Republic of Korea

About Korea

Where is Korea?

The Korean peninsula, roughly 1,030 kilometers long and 175 kilometers wide at its narrowest point, is located in Northeast Asia. With Seoul as its capital city, Korea's total land area is 100,033 kilometers squared. Korea's neighbors include Japan to the east, China to the west, and Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) across the northern border.

National Symbols of Korea

Taegeukgi: The current design of Taegeukgi was finalized on October 15, 1949. It symbolizes the principles of the yin and yang in oriental philosophy. The circle in the center is divided into two equal parts, where the upper red responds to the positive cosmic forces of the yang; conversely, the lower blue section represents the negative cosmic forces of the yin. The flag's background is white, representing peace and purity valued by the people of Korea. The circle is surrounded by four trigrams, one in each corner, characterizing continual movement, balance and harmony.

National Flag

Photo: National flag, Taegeukgi
Photo: National flower, Mugunghwa

National Anthem

Aegukga: Aegukga literally means “a song expressing love towards their country” in Korean, and it was originally meant to foster patriotism and raise awareness for the nation’s independence. The anthem had undergone several changes since it was first introduced until it took its current form. Maestro Ahn Eak-tai (1906-1965) rearranged the piece in 1935, which was then officially adopted by the Korean Government as the national anthem. Since then, the anthem began to be used at all schools and official functions.

Korean Language

About Hangeul (Korean Alphabet)

(Source : National Hangeul Museum You Tube)

Principle for the creation of Hangeul

(Source : National Hangeul Museum You Tube)

Korean Language Institutions in Kenya

(2) King Sejong Institute, Kenyatta University
Contact : 020 2663088 / For Direct inquiries 0704805537 / nairobikingsejong@gmail.com
Courses : Beginners and Intermediate Level Courses
Webpage : sejonghakdang.org/

To learn Korean online, visit

Population of Korea

The total population of Korea is approximately 51,845,612 (as of July 2019), with most of the population residing in the Seoul metropolitan area. Outside of Seoul, other large and economically advanced cities such as Busan, Incheon, Daegu, Daejeon, Gwangju and Ulsan also have higher population densities than other cities in Korea.

Ministry of the Interior and Safety (MOIS) : www.mois.go.kr
Official Site of Korea Tourism Organization : www.english.visitkorea.or.kr